When Do You Need A Women’s Health Care Specialist?

Women are usually the stronger of the two sexes. However, they are prone to a lot of ups and downs once they hit their late forties due the menopause. Menopausal women experience a great deal of health problems especially due to the hormonal changes that this period brings along. This is the time when other diseases creep up too, such as heart disease, infertility, osteoporosis, uterine fibroids, fibromyaglia, cervical cancer, breast cancer and so on.

Why Women’s Health Care Specialist is Recommended

In ordinary circumstances, women are okay with the regular medical practitioner and medical care. However, when age advances a women’s health care specialist would be a better choice (and recommended) as such a professional will be able to provide the right guidance to what tests a woman should do when and what special care a woman needs to maintain good health.

Besides the medical attention, the women’s health care specialist would be able to focus on the mental make-up and upheavals that menopause inflicts on women. This is a difficult time for women not only because their bodies seem to have a mind of their own, but also because they are prone to heavy depression bouts, excitability, mood swings and feeling of hopelessness which does not help in any way the overall situation.

Many times the hormonal changes are so drastic that these cause acute and even suicidal depression. When and if such times are coupled with any of the diseases mentioned a bit earlier, it kind of overwhelms the women. The role of the women’s health care specialist is here to keep women healthy physically as well as take care that they receive sufficient and adequate counseling to equip them to handle the difficulties that the menopausal period brings along.

The women’s health care specialist hence plays a dual role – one of a healer and the other of an adviser. Both the roles are important because women tend to neglect their own health till it is too late. It is as important for women to know why they are suffering as what would cure them. During the middle age, there are a lot of ‘whys’ that disturb women’s peace of mind.

Questions such as, ‘why do I feel like crying all day long?’, ‘why am I so angry all the time?’, ‘why do I feel that I have do be on my toes the whole day long?’, ‘why do I feel so lost and hopeless?’ plague the minds of women in their late forties. These questions affect women much more than any disease and this is where and when the women’s health care specialist is needed most.

An Overview Of Career As Environmental Health Specialist

Environmental health provides a rewarding and challenging job in the form of environmental health specialists. Demand of these professionals is bound to grow with the passage of time. The following discussion help you have an overview of environmental health specialists profile.

The environmental health specialists work to achieve the quality standards for various components of the environment, thereby ensuring the health safety for the community. Some of the duties and responsibilities shouldered by these professionals are:

“Enforcement of cleanliness and environmental health regulations made by local, state and federal governments.

“Collection and analysis of samples of food, water, air, soil and other things that can affect the environmental health.

“Conducting inspections at restaurants, schools and other similar places to ensure that the environmental health regulations are being followed.

“Coordination with medical professionals to consult on various issues related to environmental health and so on.

If you are interested to take up this field as career, here is an overview containing useful information about it.

Who Employ Environmental Health Specialists?

The environmental health specialists have the bright chances to work with the health departments at local, state and national levels. Hospitals and environmental health agencies are the other potential employers for these professionals. Wildlife parks and sanctuaries also employ these specialists to ensure environmental health for wildlife.

Pursuing the Degree

A bachelor’s degree in environmental health can help an individual to pursue his or her career as the environmental health specialist. In addition, the bachelor’s degree in the environmental engineering or chemical and biological sciences can also help in this direction. To have advanced career opportunities in the field, you can think of having a master’s or doctorate degree in the field.

Salary and Growth Outlook

The salary of an environmental health specialist can range between $35,000 and $60,000 per year. As per the records, the job opportunities for these specialists increased by 21% between 1993 and 2005. Also, there is an expected increase of the jobs for these professionals by 12% till the year 2010.

As obvious, the environmental health specialist is a field job, so a lot of physical strength is required to maintain the work efficiency.

Symptoms, Causes And Treatments For Tinnitus

Have you ever noticed a ringing sound in your ears that doesn’t seem to have any external cause? If so, you’ve experienced tinnitus, a type of noise perception that can be temporary, permanent or intermittent.

Although tinnitus is often thought of as “ringing” in the ears, it could also sound like whistling, crackling, chirping, buzzing or hissing. It could be so subtle it’s barely noticeable, or it could be so intense it sounds piercing or painful to the ears.

Although tinnitus if a widespread condition that affects millions of people, why it occurs is somewhat of a mystery. Research suggests it may have to do with damage or destruction of tiny hair cells in the inner ear. Normally, these hair cells transfer noise waves into electrical signals that can be sent to the brain and perceived as sound. The inability to carry out this function is what experts believe causes the strange sounds associated with tinnitus.

Some people experience tinnitus so infrequently, they barely give occasional ear ringing a second thought. For others, it is so persistent and intense, it interferes with their ability to concentrate or sleep. Tinnitus can be a great source of anxiety and stress, which unfortunately can cause the condition to worsen.

People who experience tinnitus may seek treatment to alleviate the distress or annoyance it can cause. Although it can be treated, tinnitus is actually usually a symptom of another medical condition rather than a disease itself. Many different things can cause tinnitus, including ear wax build up, ototoxic drugs, hearing loss, certain diseases and even stress.

Treating tinnitus usually begins with trying to identify and alleviate underlying causes. If a certain medication is causing ringing in your ears, it may be stopped by simply discontinuing drug treatment. In other cases, the underlying cause may not be fully treatable.

In such cases, special training to help you ignore tinnitus may be needed. Sometime background noise such as that produced by a fan can help lessen tinnitus. White noise generators are also sometimes used to mask tinnitus and provide relief from this irritating condition.

If hearing loss or damage is the underlying cause, hearing aids can be very helpful at alleviating tinnitus. When other sounds can be heard with the use of hearing amplification devices, tinnitus noise is diminished. Many people experiencing hearing loss find that with properly fitted and adjusted hearing devices, tinnitus is alleviated almost instantly.

Although you may initially seek treatment for tinnitus with your regular doctor, it’s likely you’ll be referred to a qualified hearing health specialist for evaluation and treatment. A hearing professional can evaluate the pitch, duration, intensity and other factors associated with your individual tinnitus experience. He or she can also test and evaluate your hearing for other associated symptoms such as hearing loss.

Although tinnitus isn’t always completely treatable, in many cases symptoms can be minimized if not fully alleviated. It’s important to seek treatment as soon as you notice tinnitus is becoming regular or increasing in duration, pitch or intensity. This can help ensure any underlying medical conditions are treated sooner rather than later when they may worsen or advance.

Penis Health Crèmes – What Men Should Know

Given the importance of the penis, it may come as a surprise that few men give much attention to caring for it beyond showering every day or so and using protection during sex. But the penis is a delicate organ, and unless it is treated properly, men of all ages may develop uncomfortable skin problems, foul odors, and even reduced sensation. In the long term, these issues may result in permanent damage.

Fortunately, dermatologists have recognized this problem and developed specially-formulated penis health crèmes which contain penis-specific vitamins and minerals that can help prevent common penis skin problems, promote healthy circulation, and eliminate odors that may drive away potential sexual partners. All men should be aware of the properties of the following ingredients, which are found in high-quality vitamin crèmes developed with men’s penis health in mind.

Natural Moisturizers

Dry, flaking skin is a common complaint seen by many men’s health specialists. A dry penis is unattractive, and it may easily become sore and irritated during masturbation or partner play. Drying of the skin can be caused by sunburn, cold weather, sensitivity to detergents or deodorants, and the spermicides found in most condoms. Keeping the skin well-hydrated with natural moisturizers such as shea butter can help to protect the penis against environmental damage. Shea butter is known to promote healing and to create soft, supple, young-looking skin that is responsive to stimulation.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is used for treating numerous skin issues. Also known as retinol, it helps to prevent premature wrinkling, scarring, and damage to the structure of the skin cells. In addition, it works as a natural antibacterial agent, destroying the bacteria that thrive in warm, moist areas and often cause foul odors.

Vitamin B5

This so-called “life-sustaining” vitamin helps to promote healthy function of the skin and nerve cells. In particular, this essential nutrient helps to repair and maintain the nervous tissue that lies under the skin of the penis – a major concern in preventing loss of sensitivity and reduced sexual pleasure. In addition, vitamin B5 is known to relax the blood vessels, increasing circulation and enabling men to achieve and maintain an erection.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is not just for keeping colds away. This important vitamin has multiple other functions, including the building of healthy collagen (the tissue that gives the penis skin its elasticity and supple appearance). Vitamin C is also needed for the formation of blood vessels and works alongside vitamin B5 to maintain optimum circulation.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is well-known as a healing agent, helping to repair damaged skin cells and restore them to their natural, healthful condition. Because this vitamin is not readily available in most foods, it is especially important to ensure that the skin receives adequate levels of this vital nutrient.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is another nutrient known for its healing properties. In addition, it acts as a natural moisture barrier for the skin, preventing loss of natural moisture that can lead to drying, irritation, and discomfort during sex.

Amino Acids

Amino acids such as alpha lipoic acid, L-arginine and acetyl L carnitine are essential to the formation of healthy nervous tissue. These substances, which are often referred to as the building blocks for proteins, also provide the body with the energy needed to maintain healthy circulation, heal after injuries, and build healthy skin and nervous tissue.

A specialized formula containing all of these essential ingredients can help men of all ages to avoid common skin problems such as redness, soreness, drying, and premature aging. In addition, it may help to stave off bacterial and fungal infections and to prevent odors. Most importantly for many men, a penis health crème (most health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) which is applied topically and absorbed directly into the penis skin for maximum effectiveness may prevent diminished feeling in the penis and can even help to restore penis sensation.

Biological Concept Behind Causes And Symptoms Of Anal Fissures

Have you ever gone through any of the anal diseases which may not only cause you a lot of pain but then it bleeds too. Anal fissures are one of the tender diseases of anal. This disease causes burning sensations, with haemorrhage while you pass stool and also comprises of irritation. This is the most common disease found in young ones. According to some latest statics, one out of five persons seems to have developed this disease. People generally feel very embarrassed to talk about this openly to their friends and even family members. This hesitation is a major cause that people are being diagnosed with acute fissure and also severe symptoms. In many cases, it becomes difficult to control the pain with the initial prescribed aid.

Anal Fissures can be biologically defined as a tear or a deep cut in the lining of the anal which visibly lines the outer surface. The split occurs in the moist tissues of thin opening which helps in passing out the stool. However, this medicinal condition is quite common and occurs due to negligence and certain bad food habits. The symptoms for the chronic anal diseases are passing hard stools which happens due to intake of food which are less in fibre, cold drinks, using unclean toilet paper, bacteria passed due to dirty hand interface and consumption of mush caffeine. Furthermore, repeated episodes of leukaemia, cancer treatments, and major surgery and diarrhoea leads to serious fissure.

Anal Fissures can be diagnosed by visiting a nearby physician but first it has to be identified with the help of certain symptoms. Swelling, itching before passing the stool and pain which can last for a few minutes or even an hour is the basic indication of this disease. Many a times, some even experience the anal boils. If any two symptoms are found to occur at the same time, it is advised to consult health specialist immediately. However this disease is curable and can be easily controlled by improving the food habits and going through some treatments.

Anal Fissures diagnosis can be done by following certain steps under the guidance of an experienced medical professional. The time taken for it will be according to the condition of fissures developed. Rectal examination is the widely used method in which a live detection is done by inserting a finger inside the tear. However, Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy are recommended for severe cases of Anal Fissures. To avoid this disease, it is good to add some nutrition to your daily intake of food and also avoid substances that contain caffeine. If any bubbles are found near the anus take proper care of them immediately, these can head to the anal as well. You can also try anal fissures cream to help cure them.

Who’s Who In The Mental Health Service: Gps, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, Cpns And Allied Therapists

When a person is experiencing psychological or emotional difficulties (hereafter called “mental health problems”), they may well attend their GP. The GP will interview them and based on the nature and severity of the persons symptoms may either recommend treatment himself or refer the person on to a specialist. There can seem a bewildering array of such specialists, all with rather similar titles, and one can wonder as to why they’ve been referred to one specialist rather than another. In this article I give an outline of the qualifications, roles and typical working styles of these specialists. This may be of interest to anyone who is about to, or already seeing, these specialists.

The General Practitioner

Although not a mental health specialist, the GP is a common first contact for those with mental health problems. A GP is a doctor who possesses a medical degree (usually a five-year course) and has completed a one-year “pre-registration” period in a general hospital (six-months on a surgical ward and six-months on a medical ward as a “junior house officer”). Following this a GP has completed a number of six-month placements in various hospital-based specialities – typical choices include obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics, psychiatry and/or general medicine. Finally, a year is spent in general practice as a “GP registrar” under the supervision of a senior GP. During this period, most doctors will take examinations to obtain the professional qualification of the Royal College of General Practitioners (“Member of the Royal College of General Practitioners”, or MRCGP). Others qualifications, such as diplomas in child health, may also be obtained.

The GP is thus a doctor with a wide range of skills and experience, able to recognise and treat a multitude of conditions. Of course the necessity of this wide range of experience places limits on the depth of knowledge and skills that they can acquire. Therefore, if a patient’s condition is rare or, complicated, or particularly severe and requiring hospital-based treatment, then they will refer that patient on to a specialist.

Focusing on mental health problems it will be noted that whilst the majority of GP’s have completed a six-month placement in psychiatry, such a placement is not compulsory for GP’s. However, mental health problems are a common reason for attending the GP and, subsequently, GP’s tend to acquire a lot of experience “on the job”.

Most GP’s feel able to diagnose and treat the common mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. The treatments will typically consist of prescribing medication (such as antidepressants or anxiolytics) in the first instance. If these are ineffective, alternative medication may be tried, or they may refer the patient to a specialist. GP’s are more likely to refer a patient to a specialist immediately if their condition is severe, or they are suicidal, or they are experiencing “psychotic” symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions.

The Psychiatrist

This is a fully qualified doctor (possessing a medical degree plus one year pre-registration year in general hospital) who has specialised in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health problems. Most psychiatrists commence their psychiatric training immediately following their pre-registration year and so have limited experience in other areas of physical illness (although some have trained as GP’s and then switched to psychiatry at a later date). Psychiatric training typically consists of a three-year “basic” training followed by a three year “specialist training”. During basic training, the doctor (as a “Senior House Officer” or SHO) undertakes six-month placements in a variety of psychiatric specialities taken from a list such as; General Adult Psychiatry, Old Age Psychiatry (Psychogeriatrics), Child and Family Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatry (the diagnosis and treatment of mentally ill offenders), Learning Disabilities and the Psychiatry of Addictions. During basic training, the doctor takes examinations to obtain the professional qualification of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (“Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists” or MRCPsych).

After obtaining this qualification, the doctor undertakes a further three-year specialist-training placement as a “Specialist Registrar” or SpR. At this point the doctor chooses which area of psychiatry to specialise in – General Adult Psychiatry, Old Age Psychiatry etc – and his placements are selected appropriately. There are no further examinations, and following successful completion of this three-year period, the doctor receives a “Certificate of Completion of Specialist Training” or CCST. He can now be appointed as a Consultant Psychiatrist.

The above is a typical career path for a psychiatrist. However, there are an increasing number of job titles out with the SHO-SpR-Consultant rubric. These include such titles as “Staff Grade Psychiatrist” and “Associate Specialist in Psychiatry”. The doctors with these titles have varying qualifications and degrees of experience. Some may possess the MRCPsych but not the CCST (typically, these are the Associate Specialists); others may possess neither or only part of the MRCPsych (many Staff Grades).

Psychiatrists of any level or job title will have significant experience in the diagnosis and treatment of people with mental health difficulties, and all (unless themselves a consultant) will be supervised by a consultant.

Psychiatrists have particular skill in the diagnosis of mental health problems, and will generally be able to provide a more detailed diagnosis (i.e. what the condition is) and prognosis (i.e. how the condition changes over time and responds to treatment) than a GP. The psychiatrist is also in a better position to access other mental health specialists (such as Psychologists and Community Psychiatric Nurses or CPNs) when needed. They also have access to inpatient and day patient services for those with severe mental health problems.

The mainstay of treatment by a psychiatrist is, like with GP’s, medication. However, they will be more experienced and confident in prescribing from the entire range of psychiatric medications – some medications (such as the antipsychotic Clozapine) are only available under psychiatric supervision and others (such as the mood-stabiliser Lithium) are rarely prescribed by GP’s
without consulting a psychiatrist first.

A psychiatrist, as a rule, does not offer “talking treatments” such as psychotherapy, cognitive therapy or counselling. The latter may be available “in-house” at the GP surgery – some surgeries employ a counsellor to whom they can refer directly.

Psychologists and allied mental health staff typically provide the more intensive talking therapies. Some senior mental health nurses and CPNs will have been trained in specific talking therapies. It is to a Psychologist or a trained nurse that a psychiatrist will refer a patient for talking therapy. These therapies are suitable for certain conditions and not for others – generally, conditions such as Schizophrenia and psychosis are less appropriate for these therapies than the less severe and more common conditions such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, phobia(s) and addictions. In many cases, a patient will be prescribed both medication and a talking therapy – thus they may be seen by both a therapist and a psychiatrist over the course of their treatment.

The Psychologist

A qualified clinical psychologist is educated and trained to an impressive degree. In addition to a basic degree in Psychology (a three year course) they will also have completed a PhD (“Doctor of Philosophy” or “Doctorate”) – a further three-year course involving innovative and independent research in some aspect of psychology. They will also be formally trained in the assessment and treatment of psychological conditions, although with a more “psychological” slant than that of psychiatrists. Psychologists do not prescribe medication. They are able to offer a wide range of talking therapies to patients, although they typically specialise and become expert in one particular style of therapy. The therapies a particular psychologist will offer may vary from a colleague, but will usually be classifiable under the title of Psychotherapy (e.g. Analytic Psychotherapy, Transactional Analysis, Emotive therapy, Narrative therapy etc) or Cognitive Therapy (e.g. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) or Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) etc).

The Community Psychiatric Nurse (CPN)

These are mental health trained nurses that work in the community. They will have completed a two or three year training programme in mental health nursing – this leads to either a diploma or a degree, depending on the specific course. They are not usually “general trained”, meaning their experience of physical illness will be limited. Following completion of the course they will have spent a variable amount of time in placements on an inpatient psychiatric unit – this time can range from twelve months to several years. They can then apply to be a CPN – they are required to show a good knowledge and significant experience of mental health problems before being appointed.

CPNs are attached to Community Mental Health Teams and work closely with psychiatrists, psychologists and other staff. They offer support, advice and monitoring of patients in the community, usually visiting them at home. They can liaise with other mental health staff on behalf of the patient and investigate other support networks available (such as the mental health charities).

Some CPNs will be formally trained in one or more “talking therapies”, usually a cognitive therapy such as CBT (see “Allied Therapists” below).

“Allied” Therapists

Many “talking therapies” are offered by non-psychologists – for example, mental health nurses and mental health occupational therapists, can undertake a training course in a cognitive therapy like CBT. After successful completion of the course, the nurse will be qualified and able to offer CBT to patients. The length and intensity of these courses can vary dramatically, depending on the type of therapy and the establishment providing the course. Some are intensive, full-time one or two week courses; others are part-time and can extend over months and years. Perhaps a typical course will be one or two days a week for two to three months. Formal educational qualifications are not necessary to undertake these courses, and they are open to “lay” people with little or no experience of the NHS mental health services. Of course this is not necessarily a problem – it may even be considered a positive point!

Some of those therapists thus qualified will offer their skills as part of their work in the NHS – for instance, a nurse, CPN or occupational therapist may offer cognitive therapy to a patient that has been referred by a psychiatrist. Unfortunately this is relatively rare at the moment, presumably due to the reluctance of the NHS to pay for such training for their staff. As a result these therapies are more accessible on a private basis.


An individual with psychological difficulties will normally attend their GP in the first instance. The GP will usually have encountered similar problems with other patients and can offer a diagnosis and appropriate treatment. If the condition is unusual or particularly severe, the GP can refer the patient to a psychiatrist. The psychiatrist is able to access a wider range of treatments (medications and hospital care) and can, if necessary, recruit other mental health professionals to help the patient. This system perhaps works best with the severely mentally ill such as those with psychotic symptoms or who are suicidal.

The Mental Health Services in the NHS are generally less well suited to those with psychological problems of a less severe nature – the moderately depressed, the anxious, the phobic etc. The availability of “talking therapies” is limited in the NHS, with long waiting lists or even no provision at all in some areas. This appears to be due both to the cost of training staff appropriately and the time-intensive nature of these therapies.

For those with such conditions, the main option is to seek help outside the NHS. There are some voluntary organisations that offer free counselling for specific problems such as bereavement or marital/relationship difficulties, but more intensive therapies (such as CBT or NLP) are typically fee based. Your GP or local Community Mental Health Team may be able to recommend a local private therapist.

Widespread Myths Concerning Weight Reduction

In our quest for the most effective weight reduction program, we could face some confusing details that would somehow leave some unanswered concerns. Problems on wholesome and unhealthy ways of losing excess weight have some overlapping info. Absolutely, it will leave us thinking, which is which, what is accurate and what is not? So, to avoid a lot more confusion, listed here are some typical weight reduction myths you ought to preserve away from.

Myth: Crash diets can give permanent weight loss.

In some methods, crash diets are for short-term only. Therefore, it makes you lose excess weight in a shorter period only as compared to the all-natural approaches. Even so, it gives permanent weight reduction unless you stick with the system foryour lifetime. You will nonetheless achieve weight and even more rapidly than just before. Crash diets had been truly developed for brief term objective and they bring adverse effect on our well being. It may give you instant results however it will also place you on larger dangers.

Myth: Less or no carbohydrates can lose weight.

It can be truly losing excess weight inside the incorrect way. Carbohydrates are significantly essential by the system to fuel up the energy necessary for the daily physical activities. It can be required to have at least 130 grams of carbohydrates and not just the prescribed 20 grams or much less from fad diets. Insufficient amount of carbohydrates can usually make you feel sluggish, fatigue and nauseated. Even though carbohydrates add up on excess fat storage, it may also be lessen by picking healthier high-carbohydrates food including complete grain wheat bread, brown sugars and fruits. So, cut back on refined sugars and sodas as these are unhealthy types of carbohydrates.

Myth: Diet plan foods are far more effective.

In reality, it actually does not as these diet foods can only worsen the concern. Diet program foods contain high Trans fats and sugars. While you think these are a lot more successful, it is actually according to these foods whether you are able to acquire more excess weight as opposed to losing weight. Therefore, opt for all-natural foods that call for much less cooking procedures to ensure that nutrients would nonetheless be intact.

Myth: Starches can make you body fat

In some approaches it can, but far more often it cannot, confusing correct? Truly, you’ll find foods that contain starch and are low in excess fat for example rice, pasta, cereals, potatoes and beans. Eating these types of foods alone cannot make you fat. In fact, these are critical sources of energy which can boost metabolism too. However, it can be fattening when eaten together with some fatty foods which are incidentally delicious and sumptuous when paired up such as bread and butter, potato and gravy, pasta and mayonnaise. So, switch to low body fat foods to come up with some scrumptious toppings for these starchy foods.

Myth: Fewer calories equal weight reduction

Our physique requires at the least 1,200 amounts of calories as a way to sustain energy and metabolism. So, cutting back below the minimum requirement can harm you. Actually, it doesn’t make you lose excess weight. As insufficient calorie intake slows down metabolism and muscle mass. The trick right here is to select much more organic foods. Foods which can be closest to its normal state like fruits, vegetables, entire wheat and other whole grain foods are packed with nutrients but are lesser in calories.

When believed and followed, myth can truly bring some adverse impact on our well being. Therefore, it is greatly advisable to consult with a health specialist with regards to this matter. Keep in mind that weighing up these myths can come up with much better options for weight-loss.